It is a service which allows an individual or organization to post a web page or website on the internet. A web host or service provider who provides the technological services that is needed for the website/page to be viewed on the internet. Websites are stored or hosted on a special computer called server. When the users wish to visit your website, they need to type your website address on the browser which will redirect the user to your site. If one wants to host the site then the domain name is a must. Sometimes hosting companies assist you to purchase the host name.
The server provides space to host the data and run their applications and scripts. Though both Linux and windows servers have been in the usage for a long time, yet Linux is an open source, secured operating system along with well-managed file system. Most of the developers' choice is Linux out of its faster execution and ease of application.
The major differences between these two servers are:
1. Console: Attaching a terminal to a minicomputer or mainframe and to monitor the status of the system.
Linux - Linux provides CLI (command-line interface) console, since it requires less memory
Windows - It provides GUI (graphical user interface) console that needs more memory or else it starts hanging
2. Control panel: The hosting company provides a web-based interface that makes customers to maintain their hosted services in a single place.
Linux - Since Linux is open source, it can manage to host with the help of many open source control panels but commonly used cPanel/WHM and Plesk control panels which are paid
Windows - Website Panel and Plesk are commonly used control panels
3. Database: It refers to back-end system called database server, performs tasks such as data manipulation, archiving, storage and data analysis.
Linux - MySQL is most preferred database in Linux server
Windows - MSSQL has commonly used the database in Windows Server